The Armenian Highland lies between the plateaus of Asia Minor and Iran, near the Black Sea and the plains of Mesopotamia. The Armenian people originated here and created their own unique culture.
For centuries, the Armenian Highland has been the historical Armenian homeland.
The German geographer, Carl Ritter, described the Armenian Highland as a “mountainous island” rich in air and water.
The four rivers in the Old Testament Garden of Eden are Pishon, Gihon, Tigris, and Euphrates have their headwaters in the area surrounding Mt. Ararat in historic Armenia. The Tigris and Euphrates names remained unchanged, while the Pishon is now known as Tsirogh and Gihon is known as Eraskh (Araks). Throughout history Armenia has been called Nairi by the Assyrians, meaning the “land of the lakes and rivers”.
The Kingdom of Armenia was the first state to adopt Christianity as its official religion under the rule of King Tiridates in 301 A.D.
Christianity has played an immensely important role in Armenian culture and history.
Armenia contains many varied landscapes and ecosystems found throughout ten distinct climatic zones.
These traits contribute to the formation of rich and unique plant diversity. The country’s location at the intersection of several regions also gives rise to the formation of varied flora and fauna. Consequently, in the small territory of the country there are about 3500 species of plants, 115 are endemic plants, only found in Armenia, (3.8% of total flora). Measuring the density of plant species per square km, Armenia ranks first in the world with about 100 species per 1000 km2.